Understanding Your VS: MIC THEORY- Mic Placement
Here are a few techniques, or guidelines, for microphone placement, but dont be afraid to try new things!
Four fundamental styles for miking a sound source:
Close miking- 1-3 from the sound source creates a tight, up-front sound quality and excludes the acoustic environment.
Distance miking- Distancing the microphone 3 or more from the sound source captures less of the direct sound and more of the acoustic environment. This is helpful when recording horn sections or choirs.
Accent miking- Usually this type of miking is utilized for a soloist and the placement is typically left up to the engineers discretion. A good accent miking should add presence to the soloist without changing the tonal quality, as well as, the balance in the mix or ensemble.
Ambient miking- An ambient miking is one thats designed to pickup more of the room or environment sound then the actual sound source. Usually a stereo pair is used for this and then mixed in later with the close-miked microphones.